It was narrated that that Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) used to congratulate one another on the occasion of Eid by saying, “Taqabbal Allaahu minna wa minkum (May Allah accept (this worship) from us and from you).” It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: When the companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another: “Taqabbal Allaahu minna wa mink (May Allah accept (this worship) from us and from you).” Al-Haafiz said: Its isnaad is hasan.

It was narrated that that Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) used to congratulate one another on the occasion of Eid by saying, Taqabbal Allaahu minna wa minkum (May Allah accept (this worship) from us and from you).” It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: When the companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to one another: “Taqabbal Allaahu minna wa mink (May Allah accept (this worship) from us and from you).” Al-Haafiz said: Its isnaad is hasan.

Islam Muslim Ramadan Eid

Question: What is the ruling on people who constantly fast Ramadan 30 days? [i.e regardless of moon sighting]

Answer by Shaykh Fawzaan: This is not permissible; fasting is established upon the (sighting of the) new moon:

They ask you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) about the new moons. Say: “These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind…” [Quran 2:189]

And the prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

“Start observing Sawm (fasts) on seeing the crescent moon (of Ramadan), and give up observing sawm (fast) on seeing the crescent-moon (of Shawwal).” [Bukhari]

So fasting is linked to the sighting of the new moon, and giving up of fasting [end of Ramadan] is linked to the sighting of the new moon; and the month may be 30 days and it may be 29 days in accordance to the sighting of the new moon. So if it is not seen on the night of the 30th day [*translators note: bearing in mind the night precedes the day], then if this is relating to Sha’ban, the people arise [on the 30th day of Sha’ban] not fasting, because in this day is doubt [whether Ramadan has begun or not], and if this occurred at the end of Ramadan then they fast the 30th day due to the origin of the affair being the establishment and continuity of Ramadan, just like in the first scenario the continuity of Sha’ban remains as the origin and default.

Source: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/7426

Islam Muslim Ramadan Eid Moon Sighting

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: We are an illiterate nation; we neither write, nor calculate. The month is like this and this, i.e., sometimes of twenty-nine days and sometimes thirty days. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, Book on fasting, Chapter on the words of the Prophet, "We do not write nor calculate", no. 1913; and Muslim, Book on fasting, Chapter on fasting in Ramadan should necessarily be commenced with the sight of the new moon…, no. 1080]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: Do not start the fast or break it until you see the new moon. If the new moon is obscured from you, then complete a full thirty days. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, Book on fasting, Chapter on the words of the Prophet; "When you sight the new moon (of Ramadan) observe fast", nos. 1906 and 1907; and Muslim, Book on fasting, Chapter on fasting in Ramadan should necessarily be commenced with the sight of the new moon…, no. 1080]

Hence, it becomes clear that the reliable factor in determining the time of Sawm and breaking the Sawm and the rest of months is the sighting of the moon or completing the prescribed period. The mere birth of the new moon is not considered in Shari`ah (Islamic law) to verify the beginning and ending of the lunar month with the Ijma`(consensus of scholars) of trustworthy Muslim scholars, unless it is sighted legally. This ruling is pertinent to the timings of worships. Thus, whoever from among the contemporary scholars contradicts this Ijma`, then he will have his opinion rejected as the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) of Muhhammad (peace be upon him) and the unanimous agreement of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) should take priority any other argument. So, the calculations of the sun and moon motions are not considered in this respect as we mentioned before and according to the following evidence:

continue reading…..

A person must pay attention to the difference to the new juristic issues which aroused controversy and difference among scholars. Such issues were studied by the Council of Senior Scholars in one of its previous seminars and came to a decision by the majority that the most preponderant opinion is that each country has its own sighting and that they have to resort to their scholars in this regard.

Regarding the saying of those who state that one has to depend on the sighting of the new moon in Makkah in particular, this has no evidence or base at all. In addition, it also means that Sawm would not be obligatory on anyone who sights the new moon in other places unless they sight it only in Makkah.

Source: Ruling on Depending on Astronomical Calculations - Fatwas of Ibn Baaz

Islam Muslim Ramadan Shaykh Ibn Baaz Moon Sighting Eid

Question: If the majority (i.e. 5 out of 6) of the administrations of masjids in a city in America follow the regional sighting of the moon to determine the beginning of the months of Ramadan and Thul-Hijjah, and the minority (i.e. the one remaining masjid) decides to follow the global sighting of the moon, and they are Salafees, then is this action of theirs correct even if it results in the Muslims in that city having their ‘Eids on different days?

Answer by Shaykh Wasee Allaah ‘Abbaas, lecturer at the Ka’bah, instructor at Umm Al-Quraa University in Makkah:

That which we know about this issue is that the different lands may have their own individual sightings based on whether or not the moon can possibly be seen in that land. So for two lands that have the same chance to sight the moon, then it is not permissible for them to differ, whether the one causing the difference is Salafee or khalafee [1]!

This is because the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Fasting begins on the day you all begin to fast, and Al-Fitr (the ‘Eid) is the day when you all have broken your fasts." [2]

Footnotes:

[1] khalafee: a person who chooses to follow the later generations of Muslims as opposed to the early ones

[2] Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee #697, refer to Silsilatul-Ahaadeethis-Saheehah #224 for a nice discussion of the routes of the hadeeth and some important fiqh points related to it

Source: This was translated exclusively for bakkah.net from a handwritten answer provided by the shaykh, file no. AAWA023, dated 1423/7/20.

Islam Muslim Eid Ramadan haykh Wasee Allaah 'Abbaas Moon Sighting

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen:

On this Eid people also exchange gifts, i.e., they make food and invite one another to come and eat, and they get together and celebrate. There is nothing wrong with this custom because these are days of Eid. When Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) entered the house of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and found with him two young girls who were singing on the days of Eid, he rebuked them, but the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Let them be.” And he did not say it because they were young girls. Rather he said: “Let them be, for these are the days of Eid.”

This indicates that Islam, with its tolerant and easy-going attitude, allows people to express joy and happiness on the days of Eid.

Source: Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn Uthaymeen, 16/276

Islam Muslim Shaykh Uthaymeen Ramadan Eid

Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah:

“As for people greeting each other after the eid prayer by, ‘Taqaballahu minna wa minkum‘ (may Allah accept it from you and us) – it is reported that some of the shahabah practiced it, and the scholars permitted it. However, Ahmad said: I do not initiate saying it to anyone; but if one says it to me, I answer him. This is because responding to a greeting is obligatory, but to initiate the greeting is not a required sunnah, neither is it prohibited: whoever does it would have an example (from the salaf) and whoever does not would have a predecessor as well.”

Source: Majmoo al-Fataawaa 24/253

Islam Muslim Eid Ramadan Ibn Taymiyyah

Official Decision and Announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia…Just a short time ago the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced since the moon of Shawwaal was sighted this evening, here in Saudi Arabia, we have completed twenty nine (29) days of Ramadan (1435 A.H.), in accordance with the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam):

Fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you, then complete thirty days of Sha’baan. And break your fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you then fast thirty days, [transmitted by al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Subsequently, we shall be celebrating ‘Eid ul-Fitr tomorrow, Monday 28th July 2014, in shaa Allah.

Official Decision and Announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia…

Just a short time ago the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia announced since the moon of Shawwaal was sighted this evening, here in Saudi Arabia, we have completed twenty nine (29) days of Ramadan (1435 A.H.), in accordance with the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam):

Fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you, then complete thirty days of Sha’baan. And break your fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you then fast thirty days, [transmitted by al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Subsequently, we shall be celebrating ‘Eid ul-Fitr tomorrow, Monday 28th July 2014, in shaa Allah.

Islam Muslim Ramadan Eid-ul-Fitr